Week 4 Discussion: Motivation and Emotion & Theories of Personality

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This is a graded discussion: 25 points possible due Jun 1 at 1:59am

Week 4 Discussion: Motivation and Emotion & Theories of Personality

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Required Resources Read/review the following resources for this activity:

Initial Post Instructions For the initial post, respond to one of the following options, and label the beginning of your post indicating either Option 1 or Option 2:

Be sure to make connections between your ideas and conclusions and the research, concepts, terms, and theory we are discussing this week.

Follow-Up Post Instructions Respond to at least two peers or one peer and the instructor. If possible, respond to one peer who chose an option different than the one you chose. Further the dialogue by providing more information and clarification.

Writing Requirements

Textbook: Chapter 10,13 Lesson

Option 1: This week we learned about several different theories of motivation including, McClelland’s theory of motivation, drive reduction theory, arousal approaches, incentive approaches, and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Describe a recent accomplishment in your life and explain it in terms of at least two theories of motivation discussed in the text. Compare and contrast the theories of motivation you chose to explain your example. Option 2: In our reading this week, we learned about different theories of personality: psychodynamic, humanistic, biological and evolutionary, behavioral, and trait. Most of us have a favorite television show or movie we could watch on repeat. It is the personality of these characters that make the television shows and movies so enjoyable to watch.

After reviewing the theories of personality, think about one of your favorite TV characters or a TV character you find particularly interesting. After choosing your TV character, focus on a specific episode. Briefly describe the plot of the episode or situation within the episode in enough detail, so someone who hasn’t seen the show before can understand. Explain the character’s behavior in terms of one or more of the major personality theories. You can choose characters with “healthy” personalities or those with maladaptive or negative personalities. Be creative in your application of theory!

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Grading

This activity will be graded using the Discussion Grading Rubric. Please review the following link:

Course Outcomes (CO): 5

Due Date for Initial Post: By 11:59 p.m. MT on Wednesday Due Date for Follow-Up Posts: By 11:59 p.m. MT on Sunday

Minimum of 3 posts (1 initial & 2 follow-up) Minimum of 2 sources cited (assigned readings/online lessons and an outside source) APA format for in-text citations and list of references

Link (webpage): Discussion Guidelines

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(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/69954)Renee Owens (Instructor) Apr 19, 2020

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You may begin posting in this discussion forum on Monday, May 25th.

This week, you have the option of choosing which topic to focus on for your initial response. You have the option of answering questions about Motivation and Emotion OR Theories of Personality for your initial response. For your follow up response, please respond to at least ONE classmate who chose a different initial response topic than you. For example, if you chose to discuss motivation and emotion for your initial response, make sure you respond to one person who chose theories of personality as their initial response. You must still respond to at least two classmates or one classmate and the instructor to meet your discussion requirements for the week.

*Please be sure to review the discussion guidelines via the link provided above as to make sure you understand how discussions will be graded. Remember to cite all of your sources in APA format (in-text citations and list of references)*

*Initial response should be submitted by Wednesday, May 27th, 11:59 pm MT and discussion requirements need to be met by Sunday, May 31st, 11:59 pm MT.*

Option 1: Motivation and Emotion

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Feldman (2018) discusses several different theories of motivation, such as drive reduction theory, McClelland’s theory of motivation, arousal theories and incentive approaches for example. We are all driven and motivated by different things; some theories we read about this week may apply to you and some may not.

Option 2: Theories of Personality

Theories of personality are based on observations of how humans develop behavior patterns. Most of us have a favorite television show or movie we could watch on repeat. It is the personality of these characters that make the television shows and movies so enjoyable to watch.

After reviewing the theories of personality discussed in the textbook (psychodynamic, humanistic, biological and evolutionary, behavioral, and trait), think about one of your favorite TV characters or a TV character you find particularly interesting. After choosing your TV character, focus on a specific episode. Briefly describe the plot of the episode or situation within the episode in enough detail, so someone who hasn’t seen the show before can understand. Explain the character’s behavior in terms of one or more of the major personality theories. You can choose characters with “healthy” personalities or those with

Describe a recent accomplishment in your life and explain it in terms of at least two theories of motivation discussed in the text.

Compare and contrast the theories of motivation you chose to explain your example.

Top

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maladaptive or negative personalities. Be creative in your application of theory!

References

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/148121)Nicolle Bray (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/148121) Monday

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Option 1: This week we learned about several different theories of motivation including, McClelland’s theory of motivation, drive reduction theory, arousal approaches, incentive approaches, and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Describe a recent accomplishment in your life and explain it in terms of at least two theories of motivation discussed in the text. Compare and contrast the theories of motivation you chose to explain your example.

Have you ever tried to figure out what drives you? What gives you the motivation to reach a goal or accomplishment? I thought I knew the answers to these questions. I learned about several different theories of motivation this week. It made me take a deeper look into why I do what I do to reach the goals I have set for myself. My most recent accomplishment that I achieved was getting into nursing school. For some people this might seem like an easy task, for me it was challenging. I am a recovering heroin addict. I have always wanted to be a nurse but because of my past and the choices I made it took many obstacles to overcome along with taking a lot longer.

According to Maslow’s hierarchy (Hopper, 2020) of needs my need for achievement would not emerge until my previous needs were satisfied. I had to first become clean of drugs to fulfill the safety need to be able to try and reach my esteem needs. I find this to be accurate in my journey to getting into nursing school. I could would never be able to achieve this if I were still using. Cognitive approaches to motivation helps me understand my drive for nursing school. It implies that motivation is the outcomes of peoples’ beliefs, thoughts, expectations and goals (Feldman, 2018). Cognitive approach to motivation can be broken down into two key terms, intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation explains that we take part in things for our own enjoyment and not because of a actual reward. Extrinsic motivation explains that we take part in things for an actual reward. I believe my motivation fits into both of these terms. I want to be a nurse to have that degree and support my family but also because I have that passion to help people. It makes me happy. I believe that the arousal motivation theory plays a big part in my accomplishment as well. Arousal motivation is increasing or maintaining of excitement(Feldman, 2018). I require a high-level of excitement in my life. This accomplishment produces an insane amount of excitement. The sense of pride I felt for myself and the praises I got from my family was a tremendous source of excitement. These two theories of motivation are different ways to look at why someone is motivated. One person can be motivated through the cognitive approach while another is motivated through the arousal approach. In my case, I can

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see both theories playing a part in my achievement.

References

Feldman, R.S. (2018). Understanding Psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

Hopper, Elizabeth. (2020, February 24). Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Explained. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/maslows-hierarchy-of-needs-4582571 (https://www.thoughtco.com/maslows-hierarchy-of-needs-4582571)

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/141373)Ganna Shvets (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/141373) Tuesday

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Hello Nicolle,

Thank you for sharing your story with us. Your strength of character and perseverance amazes me! It warms my heart to read stories like yours and the fact that you were able to win your fight against addiction. Nothing can stop you on your road to success now, and you are surely on the right path to it. I wanted to wish you all the best. You certainly have all the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation you will need.

Good luck,

Anna

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/148121)Nicolle Bray (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/148121) Tuesday

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Ganna,

Thank you so much for your amazing words. It is truly appreciated.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/69954)Renee Owens (Instructor) Wednesday

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Hi Nicolle,

Thank you for sharing your story with us! Echoing Anna’s statement, it makes me happy to hear stories of perseverance like yours! You will do great things! Maslow believed that self-actualization was not an

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end-all or be-all, there is no final destination on the pyramid or in life. He believed that the hierarchy of needs is an ongoing process, in which we continue to evolve, change, and push ourselves to higher levels and fulfillment. It sounds like you are a testament to that, in the sense that you are moving past your addiction and continuing to grow and striving for fulfillment!

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/141636)Chastity O’Brien (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/141636) Wednesday

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Nicolle,

I was about to post my initial but felt a strong motivation to read your post first. I have to tell you, you are an amazing, strong and smart woman. I am so proud of you for taking the steps you take everyday to fight for your sobriety and the determination you have to get through this program. I feel a sense of emotional pull since my brother passed away 3 years ago from a heroin overdose and my son is also fighting his addictive demons as well. I just wanted to tell you how much I truly admire you.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149482)Shardae Collins (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149482) Yesterday

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Nicole,

Thank you for sharing your story. Mine is very similar to yours. I’m a recovering meth addict. Getting into nursing school was also more difficult more me to achieve. I just wanted to say thank you for putting that out there. Gives me hope that I can make it through too! Good Luck!

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149582)Regina Ebanks (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149582) Monday

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Hey everyone!

Option 2

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One of my favorite TV characters is Aang from avatar. I started watching avatar when I was doing research about chakras. I found Aang interesting because he practiced mediation to really find “himself” … he always tried to look deeper with situations. He saw the good in everyone. There was one episode where he went to visit a guru to help unblock his chakras so he can be his best self. I think Aang’s personality can be described as a humanistic personality. “humanistic approaches to personality (https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/9781260883817/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary/glossary.xhtml#glo223) emphasize people’s inherent goodness and their tendency to move toward higher levels of functioning.” (Feldman, 2019, p.443).

Reference:

Feldman, R. S. (2019). Understanding psychology. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/141373)Ganna Shvets (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/141373) Tuesday

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Hello Regina,

Thank you for sharing your view on a TV personality in this week’s discussion. One of my recent favorite shows on Netflix is called “Black Lightning.” The main character (Tony Jefferson), along with his family, fights crime in the city of Freeland. He is not only protective of his city, but also of his family and is against unnecessary violence. There was one episode where he had a chance to kill the main villain in the show (Tobias Whale), who has murdered his father, but he decided not to. Instead, he wanted the villain to be convicted for his crimes by the court. He exhibited constant traits of caring, fairness, and protectiveness, which pertain to the Trait theory that aims to identify the basic traits necessary to describe a personality (Feldman, 2018). He may have also inherited his traits from his father, who displayed the same personality traits, which relates to the biological and evolutionary approach to personality. He also showed his humanistic nature because his original intent was to kill the villain, yet he moved forward from his anger, which is a conscious self-motivated ability to change and improve (Feldman, 2018).

Reference

Feldman, R. S. (2019). Understanding psychology. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

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(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149582)Regina Ebanks (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149582) Thursday

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Hey Ganna!

I definitely have to take a look at that show on Netflix. I think you can tell quite a bit about a person by the type of show they like to watch. You mentioned that tony had multiple personality traits. Do you think that’s possible without it being considered a disorder?

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/69954)Renee Owens (Instructor) Yesterday

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Hi Regina,

I’m not familiar with the show or the character of Aang. But, the humanistic approach to personality focuses on the role of a person’s conscious life experiences and choices in personality development. Can you possibly describe more aspects of Aang’s personality, like what are some of this character’s life choices or experiences other than meditation that helped to shape their personality?

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/140201)Kristin DiPasquale (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/140201) Monday

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Hi Class,

I have chosen to further discuss option 2 for this week’s discussion.

One of my favorite television shows to watch is Criminal Minds. This is a show is a crime-drama series that follows a groups of FBI criminal profilers who use behavioral analysis and profiling to find criminals. The show is now on Netflix so I have been able to re-watch older seasons whenever I would like. Each episode differs in that there is usually new case to investigate each time and therefore new characters in each episode, but the group of FBI agents stays the same and you therefore get to know each member individually and for their own personalities. One of my favorite characters is Dr. Spencer Reid. He is the youngest team member who is an actual genius with an eidetic memory. Throughout the series he deals with personal issues regarding his mother. His mother was a schizophrenic and he fears for his own future as well as his mothers. In one episode, they are dealing with a crime where the unit believes the serial killer is a schizophrenic. Schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is “a psychiatric condition on the schizophrenia spectrum characterized by eccentric behavior and a recurrent pattern of cognitive and perceptual distortions that impair social

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interactions”(March & Karakashian, 2018).This conflicts Reid as he wants to find the killer but also feels for the killer and their mental illness. When they catch the perpetrator, Reid begins to think he might also be showing signs of schizophrenia.

Freud’s psychoanalytic theory argues “that much of our behavior is motivated by the unconscious, a part of the personality that contains the memories, knowledge, beliefs, feelings, urges, drives, and instincts of which the individual is not aware”(Feldman, 2018, p. 424). For this character, Spencer Reid cannot help but feel bad for the man who murdered several people due to his mental illness. This is a testament to the theory because Reid has memories and feelings about his mother whom he loves that he cannot subconsciously shake when meeting another schizophrenic.

References

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

March, P., & Karakashian, A.L. (2018). Schizotypal Personality Disorder. Armenian American Medical Society of California. CINAHL Nursing Guide EBSCO Publishing. Massachusetts

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/148121)Nicolle Bray (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/148121) Tuesday

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Kristin,

I love this show as well. Spencer Reid is a character to remember. Matthew Gray Gubler portrays that role very well. I think he is big part in why I watch this show. In some degree I can see how Freud’s psychoanalytic theory explains how Reid’s behavior toward the serial killer is compassionate. Do you think that the social cognitive approach to personality could be a key role to Reid’s behavior also? According to Feldman (2018) social cognitive approaches in personalities develop through repetitive observation of others’ behaviors. Reid grew up with his mother and her mental disorder. This could cause him to have a soft spot for people that share her mental illness. If he was never exposed to her mental illness it’s probable that he would never develop feelings for people with schizophrenia.

Reference

Feldman, R.S. (2018). Understanding Psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/69954)Renee Owens (Instructor) Yesterday

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Kristin and Nicolle,

Great discussion about Criminal Minds and Spencer Reid! I have binged Criminal Minds from the beginning quite a few times over the years and I enjoy the show. You both make great points about the psychodynamic and learning/social-cognitive approaches to personality applying to Reid’s behaviors, thoughts, and feelings towards people who are Schizophrenic. For the psychodynamic approach to personality, I think this could apply to almost all of the characters on the show. For example, Morgan was abused as a child by an authority figure (someone at the Rec center I believe) and one could say this helped fuel his feelings towards predators and also drove him to become an FBI agent in the first place. Do you think this approach to personality could apply to anyone else on the show?

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149482)Shardae Collins (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149482) Yesterday

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I must agree with both of you. Dr. Spencer Reid is definitely a character to remember. I think however, that Reid portrays Freud’s psychoanalytic theory more than the social cognitive approach to personality. He seems to be acting based on his past memories of his mothers illness versus repetitive observation of others’ behaviors.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/141373)Ganna Shvets (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/141373) Monday

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Happy Memorial Day, everyone!

I chose Option 1 (Theories of Motivation) for this week’s discussion.

Motivation is a group of factors that direct and energize human behavior as well as the behavior of other organisms. The complexity of the concept of motivation caused the many approaches developed by the psychologists seeking to explain energy guiding human behavior in specific directions (Feldman, 2018). I enjoyed reading about theories of motivation in our weekly textbook reading. It made me realize a lot about reasons for my motivation and explain why I desire certain things for myself.

My two most recent achievements were becoming a homeowner and getting accepted into a nursing school. I would say that the two approaches explaining my motivation that best explain both achievements would be Incentive and Cognitive. The incentive approach suggests that motivation stems from a person’s desire to gain external rewards (Feldman, 2018, p. 302). My incentives were a stable career, which also motivates me to work harder while I am in school, as well as owning a piece of property that can potentially be sold for profit

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or rented out in order to gain profit. The cognitive theory suggests that motivation is the outcome of a person’s beliefs, goals, thoughts, and expectations (Feldman, 2018, p. 302). My intrinsic cognitive motivation caused me to go to nursing school because I have had the desire to work in the medical field ever since I was nine years old. I truly enjoy learning about Human Anatomy and Physiology and making connections between my knowledge and practice. It makes me feel like I am making my dreams come true. I would say it works the same for my achievement of becoming a homeowner. I told my mom at six years old that I desire to be an independent woman with a home that belongs to me so that I do not have to rely on anyone for my comfort. My extrinsic cognitive motivation stems from my desire for good grades, a successful career, and financial stability. According to Buzdar et al. (2017), the academic performance of students at a university level has a positive and significant correlation between their intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, which explains why it is important to study something you love in order to be successful. Overall, both of my achievements have brought me closer to the state of self-actualization or a state of self-fulfillment, which allowed me to feel at ease with myself, knowing that I am using my talents to the fullest (Feldman, 2018, p. 303).

The two theories seem to be similar in that they both involve stimuli that motivate us to perform specific tasks. However, the difference between the two is the fact that cognitive theory is based on our personal cognition and mental processes, while incentive theory focuses on stimuli from our external environment.

References

Buzdar, M.A., Mohsin, M.N., Akbar, R., Mohammad, N. (2017). Student’s academic performance and its relationship with their intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Journal of Educational Research (1027-9776), 20(1), 74-82.

Feldman, R.S. (2018). Understanding Psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/140201)Kristin DiPasquale (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/140201) Tuesday

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Hi Ganna,

Congratulations on becoming a homeowner! I think your discussion did a fantastic job in relating the material we learned this week with examples from your personal life. I was able to follow along with everything you wrote. I related to your post because my own intrinsic cognitive motivation for going to nursing school is similar. Great job!

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/144401)Trisha DelEon (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/144401) Thursday

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Hello Ganna,

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I really enjoyed reading your discussion. It is also a goal of mine to be a strong an independent woman and nursing school is a great way to get there. Congratulations on your new home that is such an amazing achievement. I also wrote that the incentive theory was a motivation of mine on my biggest achievement so far, which is working as a behavioral tech with children with autism. It is a motivation of mine because the work I do brings me a great satisfaction in my life and gives me a purpose. You seem very passionate on what you do and will be an amazing fit in the healthcare field.

-Trisha DeLeon

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/138321)Chioma Anugwom (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/138321) Yesterday

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Ganna,

I like your post and congratulations for all your achievement. Motivation is very important in life,it help us to put more effect in what we are doing,it will help us to achieve our personal goals , If an individual is motivated, he / she will have job satisfaction and also have fulfilled life.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/129113)Mariechelle Tormis (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/129113) Monday

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Professor and Class,

I’m sure many of us have in mind who or what our motivation is, but never considered the approaches associated with them. This week’s lesson allowed us to psychologically understand where our motivations derive from and how. I feel as if the drive-reduction theory and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs reciprocate my personality. I could say that getting accepted into nursing school straight out of high school is one of my main achievements, but these theories and approaches also pertain to my everyday-life motivations. Feldman (2018) defines drive as the “motivational tension, or arousal, that energizes behavior to fulfill a need” (p. 299). For example, starting the day and getting things done is not always easy for me, especially when having an unclean and unorganized room. The status of a neat room is not met, which leaves me unmotivated to work, but once I fix everything up, it is much easier for me to focus. This exemplifies the drive-reduction theory, but specifically the secondary drive. This also works in a similar manner to Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs. Lumen (2013) states that this theory “is based on a simple premise: human beings have needs that are hierarchically ranked. There are some needs that are basic to all human beings, and in their absence, nothing else matters” (para. 8). Relating to getting accepted into nursing school, I feel that I wouldn’t be able to continue on this journey without the basic needs introduced by this pyramid. Having those basic needs met, along with

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security, support, and love brings out the motivation to continue on with the challenges of school.

– Shelley Tormis

References:

Boundless. (n.d.). Boundless Psychology. Retrieved from https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless- psychology/chapter/theories-of-motivation/

Feldman, R. Understanding Psychology. [VitalSource Bookshelf]. Retrieved from https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781260883817/

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/154100)Oluwatoyin Olugbenle (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/154100) Yesterday

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Hey Shelley, I can relate with not been motivated to work if everywhere looks untidy my kids keep wondering while I tell them I need to read or cook and instead of doing that I start cleaning and arranging everywhere before I start doing whatever I need to do, and the way you relate it to the drive reduction theory that states we are motivated to take action to reduce internal tension that can be caused by unmet needs. And the unmet need in your discussion is the untidy room, this is a very good piece. You then explained using Maslow’s theory that states primary need has to be fulfilled before self-actualization can be fulfilled.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/129318)Amanda Cafiero (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/129318) Tuesday

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Hello Everyone,

Option 2: In our reading this week, we learned about different theories of personality: psychodynamic, humanistic, biological and evolutionary, behavioral, and trait. Most of us have a favorite television show or movie we could watch on repeat. It is the personality of these characters that make the television shows and movies so enjoyable to watch.

After reviewing the theories of personality, think about one of your favorite TV characters or a TV character you find particularly interesting. After choosing your TV character, focus on a specific episode. Briefly describe the plot of the episode or situation within the episode in enough detail, so someone who hasn’t seen the show before can understand. Explain the character’s behavior in terms of one or more of the major

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personality theories. You can choose characters with “healthy” personalities or those with maladaptive or negative personalities. Be creative in your application of theory!

For this discussion I went with option 2. The tv show I will be discussing is FRIENDS I love and have loved this tv show for a long time and have seen every season and episode multiple times. I found it difficult to choose just one episode but decided on the episode that I feel most fits this topic. I chose a season 2 episode called “the one where Mr. Heckles Dies” (Partridge, 2013). Rachel and this neighbor are always causing trouble, and no one likes him. He ends up passing away and has no family so the cleaning out of his apartment is up to Rachel, Monica, Chandler, Ross, Joey & Phoebe. I would relate this episode to the characters having a “healthy” personality because although they didn’t like Mr. Heckles because he wasn’t a nice neighbor at the end, they learn that he was just a misunderstood person.

References:

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Retrieved from: https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781260883817/cfi/6/2!/4/2@0:0 (https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781260883817/cfi/6/2!/4/2@0:0)

Partridge, D. (2013). Friends episode guide: Just Plot Summaries. Retrieved from:

http://www.friends-tv.org/epshort.html#107 (http://www.friends-tv.org/epshort.html#107)

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/148121)Nicolle Bray (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/148121) Tuesday

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Amanda,

Believe it or not, I have never seen an episode of Friends. It does not appeal to me. I looked up a clip of this episode to be able to give some feedback. I agree with you that the characters have a healthy personality. Unconditional positive regard is something I see in these characters. Even though the neighbor was annoying and not very nice, the characters did not feel hatred when cleaning out his apartment. Unconditional positive regard in most cases leads to self-actualization (Feldman, 2018). Do you think theses characters had a moment of self-actualization in this episode?

Reference

Feldman, R.S. (2018). Understanding Psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

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(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/129318)Amanda Cafiero (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/129318) Wednesday

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Nicolle,

I would definitely say these characters were in a moment of self-actualization. In that episode, while going through the neighbor’s belongings the characters at that time were all single and were reflecting on the possibility that they might end up in the same situation as the neighbor. Instead of thinking of him as an angry, mean person they actually thought of him as a human being that was very lonely. the By the end of the episode the character’s perspective on the neighbor completely changed. They became very empathetic towards him.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/145729)Amanda Chappell- Walkwitz (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/145729) Tuesday

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Option 1:

An accomplishment that I recently followed through on was applying to and attending college. The two theories of motivation I will use to describe what drove me to do this are the drive reduction theory and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.

According to the drive-reduction theory, I was driven to attend college because of the lack of some basic biological need (Feldman, 2018, p. 300). To be driven means to have motivational tension, or arousal, so that ones behaviour is energized to fulfill a need (Feldman, 2018, p. 300). Attending college doesn’t necessarily seem like a basic biological need, but in my particular situation it is. My family and I lost our house 6 months ago because I was out of work for a period of time due to a medical condition and my previous job’s income didn’t allow for me to have savings built up. Luckily my parents are allowing us to stay with them temporarily, but the situation isn’t sustainable. So in this case, attending college, landing a better paying job, and being able to provide myself and my family with the basic necessities of food, water, and shelter. In this case the motivation for attending school would be a primary drive (Feldman, 2018, p 300).

Feldman (2018) says that according to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, certain primary needs must be satisfied before more sophisticated needs can be met (p. 303). My self esteem is admittedly low since we lost our house, but at the moment, achieving a very high self esteem is not priority. First, I need to ensure that my children, husband, and myself have shelter, healthy, nutritious food, a sense of security about our future, and, let’s be honest, a more private place for my husband and I to be intimate. After this has been accomplished I can work towards getting more certifications, spending money on a gym membership, and potentially

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returning to school to further my education. All of these things would be ways that I could increase my self esteem and move further towards the highest order need, self actualization.

As a side note, my family and I are safe and are not going hungry, as I said, the situation just isn’t sustainable. Also, my husband will graduate college in two months and already has a job waiting on him that will fulfill our needs and allow us a fresh start, so it isn’t necessarily going to take me finishing school to get us back up on our feet, but, as we have figured out, it’s prudent to have a back up plan. I just wanted to include this tidbit so that others wouldn’t be worried about my family or take pity on us, we’re nearly out of the hole. 🙂

When comparing the two theories, both believe that people are initially motivated to obtain the means to meet our most basic needs such as food, water, shelter, sleep and sex. The drive-reduction theory calls the motivation for meeting these needs the primary drive and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs puts these needs at the base of the pyramid to signify that they are the most basic needs. Both theories then go on to describe needs that people are motivated to fulfill beyond the basic ones. The drive-reduction theory calls the drive to meet needs beyond the basic needs through prior experience and learning, secondary needs (Feldman, 2018, p. 300). These secondary needs aren’t clearly defined in the theory, but are more based on the subjective experience of the person motivated to meet them. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is more specific when it defines needs beyond the basic ones. After meeting basic physiological and safety needs, ones motivation can progress to the next levels consisting of love and belongingness, esteem, and self actualization respectively.

Reference:

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/69954)Renee Owens (Instructor) Tuesday

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Personality Traits and Nursing

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One of the major theories of personality discussed in our textbook is trait theory. Trait theories are more concerned about describing the personality and predicting behavior based on the description (Feldman, 2018). Trait theorists propose that we all possess a basic set of traits, but the degree to which a trait applies to a person can vary (Feldman, 2018). For example, we may all possess some sort of extroversion characteristics, but two people may have varying degrees of this specific trait, one may be more outgoing than the other.

Regarding nursing and the healthcare field, research suggests that personality characteristics may be associated with nursing specialty choice, burnout and job satisfaction (Kennedy, Curtis & Waters, 2014). Certain personality traits might be more advantageous for certain fields of work over others. For example, someone who is more outgoing or extroverted might be more successful in a high sales environment, or someone who is more helpful and reliable might be a good fit for a profession in the healthcare field.

References

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

Kennedy, B., Curtis, K., & Waters, D. (2014). Is there a relationship between personality and choice of nursing specialty: an integrative literature review. BMC nursing, 13(1), 40. Retrieved from https://bmcnurs.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12912-014-0040-z (https://bmcnurs.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12912-014-0040-z)

How do you believe understanding personality traits will be useful as a nurse?

Do you believe having certain personality traits makes for more effective nurses or healthcare professionals?

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/145729)Amanda Chappell- Walkwitz (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/145729) Thursday

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I believe that understanding personality traits while nursing is key to good patient outcomes. Being able to practice as a nurse clinically is one thing, but interacting with patients is a completely different, yet imperative skill that’s necessary in the field. Patient education is critical to successfully treating an illness or injury and understanding the different personality types can give nurses clues to the best way to teach patients about their disorders.

According to Micheal C. LaFerney, a psychiatric nurse specialist, it is important that nurses have strong

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positive personality traits when it comes to the Big Five (OCEAN), and that if a nurse is weak in one of these areas, it’s possible to change that with cognitive therapy so that ones way of thinking changes (2018).

References:

LaFerney, M. (2018, April 17). Point of care: What’s your nursing personality? Retrieved May 28, 2020, from https://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/features/more-features/point-of-care-what-s-your- nursing-personality

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/134006)Allyn Raatz (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/134006) Tuesday

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Hello class and professor,

I chose to discuss option two for our discussion.

One of my all-time favorite shows is Monk. I find it such a fun, lighthearted, hilarious crime show that’s an easy, uncomplicated show to watch even if you can’t completely pay attention every second.

Detective Monk is a San Francisco homicide detective with obsessive-compulsive disorder along with multiple phobias. Some of his symptoms are debilitating such as anxiety, excessive hygiene habits, and a funny one: a crippling fear of milk, to name just a few. Some of his symptoms and disorders become quite funny as in one episode you find him touching every parking meter he passes, he just can’t help himself. His OCD encourages him to wipe his hands after every handshake. In one episode for some reason he has to constantly keep touching a lamp. He doesn’t know why but no matter how hard he tries; he cannot stop touching the lamp. He keeps his socks separated and organized into ziplock bags and has to sing songs as he brushes his teeth exactly a certain amount of times. Although most symptoms of his OCD are funny, sometimes his disorders can be quite debilitating for him making his job harder.

Monk has a preternatural attention to detail and a profound ability to see what others cannot which makes him an incredibly successful detective in which he always seems to be right by the end of the show.

I believe that Mr. Monk portrays a psychodynamic theory in his character.

“Psychodynamic approaches to personality are based on the idea that personality is primarily unconscious and motivated by inner forces and conflicts about which people have little awareness” (Feldman, 2018).

Mr. Monk is unable to control these urges and fears as they come from an unconscious place.

This makes for a very funny show, a superb detective but at the same time battling with deeper forces within himself.

References

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Feldman, R.S. (2018). Understanding Psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/131498)Holly Wolf (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/131498) Tuesday

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Hello All!

Option 2

My favorite character is from an older TV show called ‘Do No Harm’ to briefly explain this show, the main character Dr. Jason Cole is a surgeon by day and by night his dissociative identity “Ian Price” takes over and causes chaos. In these episodes you see Dr. Cole saving lives during the day and Ian taking over and causing trouble (bar fights, making up in alleys)

If we try to explain not only Jason but also Ian’s behavior by one of our theories, the best one to use is psychodynamic, Jason has an underlying mental health issue called Dissociative Identity Disorder. Primarily because this disorder is something Jason cannot control. He had no idea what Ian was going to do when they changed lives.

Reference:

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/134006)Allyn Raatz (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/134006) Wednesday

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Hi Holly,

Thanks for sharing! Your post made me want to check out the show. I have always been intrigued by understanding mental disorders on a deeper level. He was definitely driven by a psychodynamic behavior. Ive learned a lot about split personality disorder and even schizophrenia, but I’ve never heard of Dissociative Identify Disorder. It makes complete sense though. I wonder if this is simpler to a multiple personality disorder? But you’re absolutely right, because this is out of his control his behavior would fall under the theory of psychodynamic.

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(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/136348)Krista Tad-Y (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/136348) Wednesday

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Dear Professor and Classmates,

Option 1: Theories on Motivation

I was a demotivated teenager during my adolescent years. All that mattered to me was hanging out, parties and friends. I didn’t care about my academic marks which gave my mother a hard time. It was a roller coaster ride feeling. I had my ups and downs. It even came to a point that my mom didn’t know what to do to keep me in school anymore. Way back, I didn’t know the importance of education but I always loved my mother. But, why do I have to study?

Motivation is the drive that pushes an individual to go further to achieve his/her goal. It is the drive that tells us what we want to be or what we want to have in life. A drive (https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/9781260883817/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary/glossary.xhtml#glo142) is a motivational tension, or arousal, that energizes behavior to fulfill a need (Feldman, 2018).

Early college, it occurred to me that studying and earning a degree is significant because it will lead me to finding a well-paid job. All the more important it became when I found out I was pregnant. A life within me. How amazing it felt like when I knew.

Motherhood has always been my dream goal. Currently, this is my greatest achievement in life. It was a life- changing decision and it has made me do the impossible, possible. In order to accomplish a certain goal, people need to look forward to something such as a desire or a reason why he/she is doing it. The need for achievement (https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/9781260883817/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary/glossary.xhtml#glo309) refers to a person’s desire to strive for and achieve challenging accomplishments (McClelland et al., 1953) that will satisfy his personhood once accomplished (Feldman, 2018).

When my baby was inside my womb, I didn’t have the knowledge on how to raise a kid. My desire of having a child is my motivation that kept me sane in my 9-month pregnancy even though it was a struggle. Sustaining his needs in order for him to grow up and be provided keeps me from working hard every day. It follows that after my 30-day shift, I get my salary, which justifies the reason why I keep my job, and out if it I am able to provide for my son. The Cognitive approaches to motivation suggest that motivation is the outcome of people’s thoughts, beliefs, expectations, and goals (Feldman, 2018). This intrinsic motivation has allowed me to be consistent in my expectations as a mother. Thus, my emotions were racing from time to time. It drives me nuts sometimes because honestly, what is there to expect from an inexperienced mother?

I started off with the basics and slowly every little thing started sinking. I started eating food I didn’t eat before due to cravings. I believe Maslow’s hierarchy of needs contributed to my motivation towards this goal. This theory is important because it highlights some of the complexities of human behavior and puts an emphasis on the idea that we must satisfy basic biological needs such as and food and water, before we are concerned about higher order needs, such as love and esteem (Ojha & Pramanick, 2009; LaLumiere & Kalivas,

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2013; Beitel et al., 2015) and ends in Self Actualization (Feldman, 2018). In simple terms, in order for my baby to be well whilst inside my womb, he had to be fed just as I needed to eat, he needed nutrients as I drink vitamins, in order to grow healthy all the primary needs required before his delivery had to be met.

This explains that Maslow’s model places motivational needs in a hierarchy and suggests that before more sophisticated, higher-order needs can be met, certain primary needs must be satisfied (Maslow, 1970, 1987) in an upward facing manner from the Base of the pyramid to its tip (Feldman, 2018). Our most basic need is for physical survival, and this will be the first thing that motivates our behavior. Once that level is fulfilled the next level up is what motivates us, and so on (McLeod, 2020).

The difference between the cognitive theory and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is Cognitive Theory focuses on thoughts, beliefs, expectations and goals direct motivation. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs form a hierarchy – before higher-order needs are met, the lower-order needs must be fulfilled.

After learning about the theories of motivation, I find them related and complementary to each other. Therefore, I conclude that the theories do not contradict each other but rather help us understand its relevance and importance to the concept of its co-existing theories.

References

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

McLeod, S. (2020). Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Retrieved on May 20, 2020 from https://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html (https://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html)

On Tue, May 26, 2020 at 9:22 AM Kia tad-y <kiatady911@gmail.com (mailto:kiatady911@gmail.com) > wrote:

https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/discussion_topics/1863512? module_item_id=8510978 (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/discussion_topics/1863512? module_item_id=8510978)

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/134158)Maxwell Agu (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/134158) Wednesday

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Hi Everyone Congnitive approach to motivation suggest that motivation is the outcome of people’s thoughts, beliefs, expectation and goal(Feldman, 2018). The degree to which I was motivated to be educated in life was based on my expectation on how well i will be benefited through education in terms of hardworking. However, the

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most recent accomplishment in my life today is the fact that I’m in nursing school working hard to become a registered nurse and it gives me so much joy that after after all efforts made to be in medical school which didn’t go through there comes a turnaround for me to be a nursing student which I strongly believe that my cognitive approach towards my motivation has been so amazing such that the need for my achievement drives accomplishment and performance which thereby motivates my behavior , that is to say that cognitive approach play major roles towards motivation such that, being a nursing student required one to study a lot because nursing is vast and I love nursing which is my passion and in this situation , I’m being guided by intrinsic motivation “which causes us to participate in an activity for own enjoyment rather than any concrete or actual reward that it will bring (Finkelstein, 2009; Hofeditz et al., 2017). However, on the other hand, in nursing, the fact that it required lots of readings but what matters most to me is the outcome of my efforts studying which is my grade and in this situation, I’m being guided by extrinsic motivation which “ causes us to do something for money, grade or some other actual concrete reward (Feldman, 2018) More so, Incentive approach to motivation suggests that motivation stems from the desire to attain external reward known as incentive (Feldman 2018 ). I believe that people are being motivated to act simply because of the internal desire which at other hand, behavior are driven by a desire for external reward and it has been my desire to be a nursing student so as to become a registered nurse because I truly believed that people around me will benefit a lot from my career. These approaches, cognitive and incentive approach to motivation are very essential which actually gives reward at the end , that is to say in contrast, that incentive is as result of our behavior being motivated by a desire for a reward which cognitive approach takes into account that our motivation is the outcome of our thoughts, beliefs, expectations and goals (Feldman, 2018).

References Feldman, R.S. (2018). Understanding Psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

Finkelstein, M. (2009). Intrinsic vs. extrinsic motivational orientations and the volunteer process. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 653–658.

Hofeditz, M., Nienaber, A., Dysvik, A., & Schewe, G. (2017). “Want to” versus “have to”: Intrinsic and extrinsic motivators as predictors of compliance behavior intention. Human Resource Management, 56, 25–49.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/69954)Renee Owens (Instructor) Wednesday

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Hi Maxwell,

Thank you for sharing what motivates you! In general, would you say that you tend to be more intrinsically or extrinsically motivated? or a bit of both?

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/134158)Maxwell Agu !

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(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/134158) Thursday

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Hi professor,

I will say that both are valuable to but I will focus more on intrinsic motivation, because it’s all about my desire and there is no way one can act without being moved by an object and that act is also a passion, knowing that whatever task that I carried out today, I will experience some kind of inner joy or a reward for self satisfaction but when it comes to extrinsic whereby my focus will only based on a reward to earn which sometimes, it might not be something that I really like and many times it’s been done to please someone or escape punishment which I will say that intrinsic desire that arises from my talent and abilities are absolutely important to me .

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/154100)Oluwatoyin Olugbenle (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/154100) Wednesday

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Feldman (2018) discusses several different theories of motivation, such as Drive Reduction Theory, McClelland’s theory of motivation, arousal theories and incentive approaches for example. We are all driven and motivated by different things; some theories we read about this week may apply to you and some may not.

WHAT IS MOTIVATION AND EMOTION?

Motivation is derived from the word motive, which means needs, desires, wants, or drives within the individuals. Motivation is the factor that directs and energizes the performance of humans and other organisms. (FELDMAN R.S p. 298) The psychological factors that stimulate people’s performance are money, fame, position, and success. Motivation has biological, cognitive, and social aspects. While emotion is, the feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements that influence behavior.

My most recent achievement was graduating with a 4.0 GPA. The first approach explaining my motivation would be incentive approaches to motivation that states that behavior is primarily extrinsically motivated. Extrinsically motivated behavior is performed to receive something from others such as grade, praise, promotion, or attention (Feldman 2018 p. 302). The reasoning for this was because people thought I knew nothing due to my accent when I speak. The second approach will be the cognitive approach that states that motivation is the outcome of people’s thoughts, beliefs, expectations, and goals (Feldman, 2018, p.302). I was determined that I would be the best, my daughter believed in me that I could do it, so I set a goal to

Describe a recent accomplishment in your life and explain it in terms of at least two theories of motivation discussed in the text.

Compare and contrast the theories of motivation you chose to explain your example.

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always read no matter how stressed I was. The goals I set was also to be a role model to my child which explains my extrinsic motivation and my intrinsic motivation was my work ethic and personal habit of reading so both of these contributed to my success as a student.

Both theories are comparable in the sense that something must be a driving force while the difference in both theories is that the driving force is both internal and an external force.

References

Education, Society, & the K-12 Learner, Joel Amidon-Ann Monroe-Mark Ortwein – https://courses.lumenlearning.com/teachereducationx92x1/chapter/incentive-theory-of- (https://courses.lumenlearning.com/teachereducationx92x1/chapter/incentive-theory-of-) motivation-and-intrinsic- vs-extrinsic-motivation/

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/118078)Anakari Martinez (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/118078) Wednesday

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Hello Professor and class, I have decided to go with option 1. One recent accomplishment in life is starting nursing school. I have been wanting to go to nursing school since I was 24 years old, but I got pregnant and decided to wait for my son to at least be two years old so that I could start school. After my son was born, I had many health issus that refrain me from starting school. I decided to wait for my son to be a little bit older, he is now four years old and I decided to start the process for nursing school. I finally did it and for me this is a big accomplishment.

The cognitive approach to motivation goes well with my accomplishment. The cognitive approach to motivation suggest that motivation is the outcome of people’s thoughts, beliefs, expectations, and goals (Feldman, 2019). My parents have always thought me to go for what I dream for and to be successful in life. I have always wanted to become a nurse and be successful in life so that my parents can be proud of me, and now that I have a son, I want him to look up to me and be proud of me as well. Moreover, cognitive theories of motivation draw a key to distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation (Feldman, 2019). Intrinsic motivation is prompting me to becoming a nurse because I have a passion for it, I am a medical assistant and I love taking care of patients and helping them anyway possible but nursing is my biggest passion.

The second theory of motivation that best explains my accomplishment is the incentive approach to motivation. According to Kendra, the incentive theory is one of the major theories of motivation and suggests that behavior is motivated by a desire for reinforcement or incentives (Cherry, 2020). I always tell myself that once I am done with nursing school, I will have a better career, hopefully working in a hospital setting and I

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will be able to provide for my son, especially for college. To me, this will be my reward for starting my career in nursing and graduating from nursing school.

References Cherry, K. (2020, March 4). The Incentive Theory of Motivation. Verywellmind. Retrieved from

https://www.verywellmind.com/the-incentive-theory-of-motivation-2795382 (https://www.verywellmind.com/the-incentive-theory-of-motivation-2795382)

Feldman, R. (2019). Understanding Psychology. (14th edition). New York, NY. McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/69954)Renee Owens (Instructor) Wednesday

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Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

We are all motivated by different things. So, what motivates you? Family? School? Work? Love? What is it, that motivates you the most?

Name three sources of intrinsic motivation in your life. Name three sources of extrinsic motivation in your life. Do you believe that your behaviors are more intrinsically or extrinsically motivated? or both?

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(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/135846)Sukhleen Dhillon (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/135846) Wednesday

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Option 1: This week we learned about several different theories of motivation including, McClelland’s theory of motivation, drive reduction theory, arousal approaches, incentive approaches, and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Describe a recent accomplishment in your life and explain it in terms of at least two theories of motivation discussed in the text. Compare and contrast the theories of motivation you chose to explain your example.

Motivation is the longing to act in the administration of an objective. Motivation can have numerous sources, and regularly individuals have different thought processes in taking part in any one conduct. Motivation may be outward or natural.

One of the recent accomplishments in my life was to get accepted into nursing school. The two theories of motivation I will use to describe what drove me to do this are McClelland’s theory of motivation and the drive reduction theory. As indicated by McClelland’s theory, individuals rouse or motivate for three essential needs. They are accomplishments, power, and association. I was motivated because of the need for accomplishments and power in my life. I have always wanted to become an independent woman since childhood. After getting out of the Army, I was lacking the being the independent part of my life and I decided that in order to be independent again, I need a good-paying job and for a good-paying job, I need education. This led me to pick a career and pursue my education.

As per the drive-reduction theory, people are persuaded to fulfill physiological needs so as to look after homeostasis. These necessities bring about mental drive expresses that immediate conduct to address the issue and, eventually, take the framework back to homeostasis. So according to this theory, I was headed to go to school as a result of the absence of some essential natural needs. I am the only one in my house right now who is running the house. After my mother’s surgery, she was on bed rest for 6 months. During this time I realized how important it is to get into college, study, and get a job. I did not have a job when my mom had her surgery but after that, I realized that to keep the house running, I have to do something being the eldest sibling. That is another thing that drove me to start college and complete my education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/138321)Chioma Anugwom (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/138321) Wednesday

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I chose option 1 ( Theories of Motivation)

Motivation is the experience of desired or aversion. Motivation is the reason one has for acting or behaving in

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a particular way. Bernard Weiner is an American social psychologist known for developing a form of attribution theory which seek to motivational entailment of academic success and failure.

My biggest achievement in life is entering in to a nursing school and being a m other of four wonderful kids and a loving husband. The two approaches explaining my motivation are incentive approach and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. The incentives approach suggest that motivation stem from a person’s desire to gain external rewards ( Feldman,2018,p. 302). My incentive were to have a good grade through out my nursing school, which motivate me to work harder so that I will become what I desired to be, so that at the end it will profit me and my family.

According to Maslow ,(1970, 1987). Before more sophisticated higher order needs can be met, certain primary needs must satisfied. Basic needs in life has to be met first, basic needs are primary drive. The two theories seem to be similar to one another because it involve the stimuli that motivate me to carryout task that are specific. The difference between the two is that incentives approach is motivated by external stimulus of the desire itself, while Maslow’s hierarchy gives you the opportunity to chose the first thing first, it shows and suggested that before more sophisticated higher order needs can be met, certain primary needs must be satisfied.

Reference

Feldman, R. S(2018). Understanding Psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: Mc Graw- Hill Education

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149582)Regina Ebanks (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149582) Thursday

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Hey Chioma!

Thank you for sharing your motivation with us. I also must commend you on starting your nursing journey while having four kids and a husband at home. I have a one-year-old and that’s challenging enough!! Most people may use the incentive approach to find their motivation for doing things. The incentive approach is basically finding your “WHY?”

Reference:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9hdSLiHaJz8 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9hdSLiHaJz8)

(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9hdSLiHaJz8)

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(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/154100)Oluwatoyin Olugbenle (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/154100) Yesterday

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Hi Chioma,

This is a very good write up i particularly like the way you used your Maslow’s theory that you primary needs have to be met before self actualization can be fulfilled because if the first four stages are not met one can’t be fulfilled. you are doing a great job with four kids i have just two and the stress is driving me crazy.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/143197)Deisy Nazario (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/143197) Wednesday

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Dr. Owens and classmates,

For years I had the dream of taking the important step of going to nursing school and obtaining a bachelor’s degree. After becoming a mom, it seemed that my dream was even further away from becoming a reality. Often my head was filled with doubt from discouraging comments such as “you won’t be able to do it” or “that’s too much for you to do.” When my daughter turned one, I decided to be brave to make her proud by fulfilling my dream and taking the first step. To me, attending nursing school is already an accomplishment as I defeated my fear of failure and my doubts.

Feldman (2018) discusses different approaches to motivation to include the cognitive and incentive approach. The cognitive approach to motivation suggests that motivation is the outcome of people’s thoughts, beliefs, expectations, and goals. For instance, the degree to which people are motivated to study for a test is based on their expectation of how well studying will pay off in terms of a good grade (p. 302). I believe that the cognitive approach influenced my motivation to apply to nursing school because I thought in terms of what goals I needed to accomplish to be happy and offer my daughter a better life. I’ve always felt the need to help others and promised myself to get the education needed to be able to help people further and guide them to health well-being.

In addition, Feldman (2018) defines the incentive approach to motivation as stemming from a desire to attain external rewards (p. 302). Although my main motivation is not the financial reward of becoming a nurse one day, it serves as additional motivation, knowing that I will be doing something that I love while having economic stability. Silverman et al. (2016) view incentive interventions as being effective in promoting a wide range of socially valuable behaviors in diverse populations and settings such as preventive health care (para.1). I often wonder how people work overtime without a day of rest; the incentive motivation serves as a drive for those people to be able to provide a roof over their family’s head. When comparing both approaches to motivation, the cognitive approach is more intrinsic as the beliefs and goals motivate from within. The

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incentive approach is extrinsic as an external reward is expected. In conclusion, I believe that both the cognitive and incentive approach to motivation influenced my accomplishment of applying and getting accepted into nursing school. It definitely has been one of the most outstanding achievements in my life!

Sincerely, Deisy Nazario

References

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

Silverman, K., Jarvis, B., Jessel, J., Lopez, A. (2016). Incentives and motivation. Translational Issues in Psychological Science, 2(2), 97–100. https://doi.org/10.1037/tps0000073 (https://doi.org/10.1037/tps0000073)

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/143765)Heriberto Ortiz-Nunez (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/143765) Wednesday

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Hello Class,

Option 1:

For many of us getting into the nursing program of our choice was one of the longest and toughest accomplishments of our academic careers. Years of long hours of study and homework finally brought me to orientation. What kept me going was the need to accomplish what I started and the end goal I set for myself. I have unknowingly applied achievement motivation throughout this time. I scheduled my activities by the week and had a specific goal for the end of each month. These simple and easy goals were necessary and helped with making the transition to nursing achievable. Incentives were also placed throughout this period to reward myself for accomplishing set goals. These incentives acted as positive feedback after a long week. Achievement motivation and incentive approach both helped to motivate and support my desire to pursue Nursing.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/129113)Mariechelle Tormis (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/129113) Yesterday

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Heriberto,

You made some great points in your initial post! I really liked how you mentioned setting goals, scheduling tasks, and having incentives. Yes, although getting into nursing and nursing school will

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challenge all of us, it will surely be worth it. Planning out what I need to do each week extremely helps me. The feeling of getting work done oddly enough motivates me to get more work done. Nice job!

– Shelley Tormis

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/153599)Kassandra Swygard (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/153599) Thursday

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Option 1: This week we learned about several different theories of motivation including, McClelland’s theory of motivation, drive reduction theory, arousal approaches, incentive approaches, and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Describe a recent accomplishment in your life and explain it in terms of at least two theories of motivation discussed in the text. Compare and contrast the theories of motivation you chose to explain your example.

My recent accomplishment is getting into nursing school. It was something that I had as a dream of mine for a while and I finally did it and I’m able to start my journey to becoming a nurse. I worked so hard studying and preparing myself by taking prerequisite courses and studying for the HESI. I cried when I got the phone call that I was accepted and called my parents immediately.

The common thread, according to a model of motivation devised by psychologist Abraham Maslow, is that each of them fulfilled the highest levels of motivational needs underlying human behavior. Maslow’s model places motivational needs in a hierarchy and suggests that before more sophisticated, higher-order needs can be met, certain primary needs must be satisfied (Feldman, 2018). McClelland’s theory of motivation identified the basic needs that human beings have, in order of their importance: physiological needs, safety needs, and the needs for belonging, self-esteem and “self-actualization” (McClelland’s Human Motivation Theory, n.d.). Using both theories of motivation to explain my example of an accomplishment of getting into nursing school, is first starting off with Maslow’s Hierarchy I would say that getting accepted is in the self- actualization category for me because it was the highest potential for me and next will be graduating. Compared to McClelland’s theory my acceptance would be in Achievement where it describes having a strong need to set and accomplish challenging goals(McClelland’s Human Motivation Theory, n.d.). They both describe the accomplishments but Maslow’s theory is based more on behavior and you fit what you need in order of importance while McClelland’s theory is more driven to your basic needs in order of importance.

References

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

McClelland’s Human Motivation Theory. (n.d.). Retrieved from Mind Tools: https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/human-motivation-theory.htm

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(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/140851)Bernadette Young (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/140851) Thursday

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Option 2

In the first episode of Season 1 of Broadchurch, Alec Hardy comes into town as the new Inspector, a job that Ellie Miller thought she was going to get. From the first meeting, Hardy is gruff and guarded. He and Miller end up working together and though their conversations are sarcastic and they bicker often, they know that the other is a good detective. Hardy does not reveal a lot about himself to Miller. They also refer to each other by their last names as if not to get to close to each other. Even at the end of the series when Miller asks Hardy to go to the pub after work he refuses and there is an awkward pause.

I believe that Alec Hardy’s personality can be described by the trait theory of personality. According to Feldman (2018), personality can be evaluated by a series of traits, characteristics, or behaviors. In trait theory, they suggest there are five factors that can be used to describe human personalities called the Big Five personality traits: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (Feldman, 2018, p.435). A person can lie anywhere on the spectrum for any of these five factors. Hardy’s character is not sociable which indicates that he is more of an introvert. This combined with his blunt manner of speaking makes him appear disagreeable. Hardy is confident in his skills as a detective and he is conscientious and meticulous, especially when it comes to interrogating suspects.

References

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

Rozen, L. (2013). ‘Broadchurch’ Recap: Episode 1. Retrieved from https://www.bbcamerica.com/anglophenia/2013/08/recap-broadchurch-episode-1

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/143197)Deisy Nazario (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/143197) Yesterday

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Hello Bernadette,

What an interesting show! My thought is that our personality is of great importance and can influence how approachable we are to people. Personality can be learned from the observable behaviors of others.

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For example, a young boy observes the aggressive behavior of his sibling, and seeing the consequence of the sibling’s behavior as positive, influences the young boy to copy the behavior. Feldman (2018) discusses the social cognitive approach to personality, which emphasizes the influence of cognition- thoughts, feelings, expectations, and values, as well as observation of other’s behavior, on personality (p. 437). I think this is why it is crucial always to acknowledge negative behavior in growing children to prevent them from carrying those personality traits into adulthood. I’m sure you’ve come across people with different personality traits and have wondered why they may always seem defensive and tend to act aggressively towards others. Although they are now well into adulthood, this week’s lesson can help us understand the reason behind their personality traits and learned behavior.

Sincerely,

Deisy Nazario

References

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/138481)Amber Garay (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/138481) Thursday

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Hello Professor and Class,

Option 2

There is a show on tv that I can watch over and over as the series plays I can watch the golden girls tv show. There are 4 ladies one named Blanch, Dorothy, Sofia, and Rose who live in Miami Florida. The Dynamics of the show are 4 older ladies who come together to live under one roof and are great friends sharing each other’s joys and downtimes. The behaviors of elder ladies from the way they carry themselves to the way they choose to live their lives freely. Each woman lives with different traits and beliefs of how they grew up with different standards. Blanch grew up as a southern belle who was very lustful and Dorothy grew up very strong will with many opinions, Sofia is Dorothy’s mom who comes to acting like everyone’s mom, and Rose acts like the ditsy spacey lady. while each personality from these 4 women was different they somehow meshed well as friends. Each woman grew up in different areas of the united states but came together in Miami. Each of the women while being entirely different from one another made the show enjoyable. I loved Rose was my favorite character because she was funny and silly and the strangest things came out of. her mouth about funny stories from back home in St. Olof. There was once this episode where rose thought her husband was using object in the house to communicate with her from beyond the dead. She is with this guy named Myles and he is hinting that he may ask for her something more in their relationship and so she feels that she must get and ok before she commits to Myles without feeling like she is doing wrong to her deceased husband. Her character’s behavior is real ditsy and yet very real about her beliefs and clear on what she feels is right from wrong. She never really has a grip on when people are being judgmental but has

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this great outlook on seeing the best in all kinds of people by explaining herself and the past of her younger simple lifestyle that could help apply to help others in their turmoil. While each woman from Golden Girls has different characteristics they each bring different views that most people can relate too.

Resources

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology. Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/154100)Oluwatoyin Olugbenle (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/154100) Yesterday

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Hello Amber,

I thinks i have to see the golden girls because you really gave a good narrative of four different ladies from a different background lived together with their different belief and character.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/144401)Trisha DelEon (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/144401) Thursday

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Option 1: This week we learned about several different theories of motivation including, McClelland’s theory of motivation, drive reduction theory, arousal approaches, incentive approaches, and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Describe a recent accomplishment in your life and explain it in terms of at least two theories of motivation discussed in the text. Compare and contrast the theories of motivation you chose to explain your example.

I got an amazing job to work as a registered behavioral technician to work with children with autism. I consider getting that job as one of my biggest accomplishments so far in my life. One of the theories that applies to me getting that job was the Incentive approach theory. The incentive approaches to motivation which suggests that motivation comes from the desire to have external rewards such as money, grades, food, or sex (Feldman, 2018). I just graduated high school last year and I was looking at how expensive college was. My mother is a nurse and she makes good money but there are also a lot of bills my mom pays so because of her income I could not get that much financial aid but I still needed money that my family did not have to pay for school. I got this job and worked hard to get it because the pay would be very good and the money motivated me to do well in my job interview as well as in my job to maintain it.

Another type of motivation that drives me at my wonderful job is one of the cognitive approaches, specifically the intrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation refers to a behavior that involves an internal reward and engaging

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in something because it is naturally satisfying to you (Cherry, 2019). That is how I feel when I am helping the children at my work. The money I get is a plus but it is unbelievable the feeling I get when a parent tells me how much their child’s behavior is improving because of the therapy they are doing with me. The kids I work with lack communication skills, social skills, adaptive skills, or deal with problem behaviors and working with them to improve all of that and making them more independant is the best feeling in the world.

References

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

Cherry, K. (2019). Intrinsic Motivation. How Your Behavior Is Driven by Internal Rewards. Verywellmind. Retrieved from: https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-intrinsic-motivation-2795385 (https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-intrinsic-motivation-2795385)

-Trisha DeLeon

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/133839)Ugo Onuorah (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/133839) Thursday

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Hello Professor and Class,

For this week’s discussion I chose option 1. A recent accomplishment in my life was learning how to make a good omelet and with different kinds of meat in it. I tend to make scrambled eggs for breakfast and have always been interested in making omelets. I tried to learn how to make them in the past and for a long time have had a difficult time. I would mess up in the process and make best with situation with what I made which resulted in either unplanned scrambled eggs or lackluster omelets. But finally, after receiving advice from a friend when I brought it up in conversation, the next time I was able to make an alright omelet. And since then my omelets have gotten better.

There are several theories of motivation we learned this week, some of which can be demonstrated with the use of my recent accomplishment. One of those theories is the Incentive theory of motivation. The theory proposes that motivation stems from the desire to attain external rewards known as incentives (Feldman, 2018). Desirable properties of external stimuli which can include food account for a person’s motivation (Feldman, 2018). Though with exceptions, this explains how without a signal from the body we can do something we don’t need to do. Another theory, drive-reduction theory of motivation, suggests that a lack of some basic biological need produces a drive to push an organism to satisfy that need (Feldman, 2018). A

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drive is motivational tension, or arousal, that energizes behavior to fulfill a need (Feldman, 2018). There are two kinds of drives, primary and secondary. Primary drives are basic biological needs like hunger, thirst, sleep, sex, and secondary drives are derived prior experience and learning (cite). Secondary drives are not usually necessary for survival and are often linked to social or identity factors but indirectly satisfy primary (Boundless, n.d.) drives My desire to learn how to cook a specific kind of meal would qualify as an external reward in the incentive theory of motivation. Although the food is an incentive it isn’t like I need the omelets, I can prepare the egg in many other ways. But because it’s a kind of egg meal that I find very appealing and that I didn’t get to eat good samples often, those attributes are what motivated me to attain the meal well made. My achievement qualifies as secondary drive in drive-reduction theory because again while my drive to learn how to cook omelets well may not be necessary it fulfils the primary drive of hunger. Now that I have accomplishment in the future making omelets will be able to reduce the need for hunger when arises and I want to make one to satisfy it. These theories can work together. The internal drives proposed by drive- reduction theory work in tandem with the external incentives of incentive theory to “push” and “pull” behavior, respectively (Feldman, 2018). So, in my desire to quell my hunger, I’m drawn to accomplishing how to make an appealing meal.

References

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

Boundless. Boundless Psychology. Lumen. https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless- psychology/chapter/theories-of-motivation/.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/113660)Christyle Sinclair (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/113660) Thursday

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Professor Owens and Class,

I abruptly had to withdraw from Chamberlain University due to a family emergency last year. Before this course I went through a process of quickly getting qualified as a student, allowing me to apply for the HRSA Nurse Corps Scholarship. I have always been excited about attending college, even when it was half a year away from my high school graduation date. My friends know how much the process meant and means to me.

Option 1:This week we learned about several different theories of motivation including, McClelland’s theory of motivation, drive reduction theory, arousal approaches, incentive approaches, and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Describe a recent accomplishment in your life and explain it in terms of at least two theories of motivation discussed in the text. Compare and contrast the theories of motivation you chose to explain your example.

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I was extremely motivated to apply for scholarships and reenroll in classes at Chamberlain University. McClelland’s theory of motivation is described as, “a person’s desire to strive for and achieve challenging accomplishments” (Russell, 2016). Those who are motivated by the need for achievement tend to avoid circumstances where success is easily achieved and circumstances where success is unlikely; and thus striving for more intermediate circumstances (Russell, 2016). I have experienced situations where if the task was too easy, I was uninterested; and in contrary, if it was too difficult, I was unmotivated because I did not want to experience failure. “Incentive approaches to motivation suggest that motivation stems from the desire to attain external rewards, known as incentives. In this view, the desirable properties of external stimuli— whether grades, money, affection, food, or sex—account for a person’s motivation”. I do feel more motivated to complete tasks after receiving good rewards. An example of this for me is receiving a good grade in a class. I feel more motivated to complete word then, rather than receiving a bad grade, leaving me to feel far less motivated,

After reviewing the theories of personality, think about one of your favorite TV characters or a TV character you find particularly interesting. After choosing your TV character, focus on a specific episode. Briefly describe the plot of the episode or situation within the episode in enough detail, so someone who hasn’t seen the show before can understand. Explain the character’s behavior in terms of one or more of the major personality theories. You can choose characters with “healthy” personalities or those with maladaptive or negative personalities. Be creative in your application of theory!

I do not watch television often, but I recently finished watching this apocalyptic cartoon show with my little sister called, “The Last Kids on Earth”. Long story short, portals between dimensions were opened, bringing zombies, friendly monsters, and not so friendly monsters. The children defeated a monster, they called, “Blarg”. Blarg is seen throughout the show hunting and antagonizing the children. They encountered a, soon to be known protagonist, language speaking monster Thrull. Thrull took them to the restaurant Joe’s Pizza where they met more domestic-like monsters. Although they defeated the monster as a team, one of the main characters “Jack” decided to take all of the heroism fame for himself. This was an act motivated by attention and praise through the other lingual and non-lingual monsters. Jack experienced incentive approaches to motivation, as he felt more motivated to defeating more monsters for Thrull, while completing is what is known as a Beastiary. Jack eventually came to the realization that his friends are not his sidekicks, but that they are his family that defeats monsters with him.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/148780)Shakira Commander (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/148780) Thursday

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Hello everyone,

Option 2: In our reading this week, we learned about different theories of personality: psychodynamic, humanistic, biological and evolutionary, behavioral, and trait. Most of us have a favorite television show or movie we could watch on repeat. It is the personality of these characters that make the television shows and

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movies so enjoyable to watch.

After reviewing the theories of personality, think about one of your favorite TV characters or a TV character you find particularly interesting. After choosing your TV character, focus on a specific episode. Briefly describe the plot of the episode or situation within the episode in enough detail, so someone who hasn’t seen the show before can understand. Explain the character’s behavior in terms of one or more of the major personality theories. You can choose characters with “healthy” personalities or those with maladaptive or negative personalities. Be creative in your application of theory!

“Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristics behavior and thought” (Allport, 1961)

One of my favorite shows is Law and Order: SVU it is a show about detectives that solve sexual assault crimes. Mostly focusing on Captain Olivia Benson and Detective Chris stabler. In one episode there is a flashback of when Benson recalls being attacked herself and it shows how a lot of her work is emotionally driven and how she relates to the victims herself and through the show she unaware of this and she works long hours and takes the cases very personally causing her to become a workaholic, so I would say she is a psychodynamic theory type personality because it states “that view that explains personality in terms of conscious and unconscious forces, such as unconscious desires and beliefs commonly hold that childhood experiences shape personality.”

Reference:

https://study.com/academy/lesson/personality-theories-types-lesson-quiz.html (https://study.com/academy/lesson/personality-theories-types-lesson-quiz.html)

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/139330)Elise Stanton (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/139330) Thursday

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Hi Shakira. SVU is one of my favorite shows as well. Olivia is the best. One thing I have noticed watching over the years, is how they have grown her character. I remember an old episode where she. wondered if she would be like her father (a man she never met who raped her mother). They briefly touched on the biological and evolutionary approach. I believe the offender in the episode had a parent that was also a rapist. This made her wonder if it was genetic and she questioned herself. Not so much that she would be like her father, but that some of her personality-anger, control- was a result of him.

I also agree abut the psychodynamic approach. Especially in earlier seasons, there is a definite superego on display. In many episodes, she is very steadfast in her feelings, thoughts, ideas about what is and isn’t morally right or wrong. There’s a lot of this is how it should be and that’s that.

Feldman, R.S. (2018). Understanding Psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

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(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/69954)Renee Owens (Instructor) Yesterday

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Hi Shakira,

I absolutely love SVU and have been binge-watching for the past couple of weeks. Benson is one of my favorite TV characters as she is so multi-dimensional. Knowing her background, how do you think her childhood experiences may have also shaped her personality?

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149059)Deanna Santiago (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149059) Thursday

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Being accepted into nursing school, after being in a previous nursing program, has been my most recent accomplishment. My dream and goal has been to become a RN and I will continue to do what is necessary to ensure that goal and is my motivation. Feldman (2018) states, “Incentive approaches to motivation (https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/9781260883817/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary/glossary.xhtml#glo237) suggest that motivation stems from the desire to attain external rewards, known as incentives.” Feldman (2018) also states, “Cognitive approaches to motivation (https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/9781260883817/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary/glossary.xhtml#glo77) suggest that motivation is the outcome of people’s thoughts, beliefs, expectations, and goals.” The goal of graduating and achieving my license after passing the NCLEX is my reward/incentive. By staying motivated, believing in myself, and staying focused on my goal I know it will be achieved. While the incentive approach is based on rewards/incentives, the cognitive approach is based on beliefs and goals. I believe the two go hand in hand for my motivational purposes. Although we only had to include two theories of motivation, I found that intrinsic motivation also applies to me. “Intrinsic motivation is the force that compels us to fulfill our inner potential and interests. This type of motivation corresponds to our inherent desire to express our authentic selves through selected actions and behaviors, across different settings, whether at work or at play (“Cognitive Theory of Motivation,” 2020).

References

Feldman, R.S. (2018). Understanding Psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

Cognitive Theory of Motivation. (2020). The Psychology Notes HQ. https://www.psychologynoteshq.com/cognitive-theory-of-motivation/

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(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149059)Deanna Santiago (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149059) Thursday

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**Option 1

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/139330)Elise Stanton (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/139330) Thursday

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One of my favorite shows is Chicago PD. The focus of the show is about a special intelligence unit of the Chicago Police Department. My favorite character is the sergeant Hank Voight. Sgt Voigt is a corrupt cop, but at the same time he is a fair, just, and caring cop. One major episode that comes to mind is when his best friend Al (another cop in intelligence) was charged with the murder of Hank’s son’s killer. The truth is Hank shot the young man and buried him. Al helped Hank dig the body to move it to another location. Al went to jail, protecting Hank and Hank promised to get him out. The night he went to tell the truth, Al was killed in jail. Al’s wife blamed him and refused to allow him to come to the funeral. He was so hurt, and blamed himself, but he fought hard to get Al’s name cleared so his wife could still get his pension and his reputation would not be tarnished(Al).

Hank Voight has many behaviors of many personality theories. One example would be trait. One of his central traits is vindication. He searched and found his son’s killer and killed him. He even lied to the other squad members about where the killer was and went himself. Other central traits could be hurt, lonely, and vengeful. He could also fall into the psychoticism realm. His character can be aggressive, cold, and impersonal. He does have secondary traits of caring, thoughtfulness, and loving.

Reference

Feldman, R.S. (2018). Understanding Psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/102994)Alyssa Tidy (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/102994) Thursday

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I chose option 1

A recent experience in my life that I feel proud of is choosing to go back to school. This accomplishment falls well into Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs which is a pyramid of our needs starting from the most basic of water to emotional. My need to feel accomplished and go back to school for better income and support my family. On the other end though, this need to fulfill things of a basic nature can lead to rash or poor decisions.

Arousal approach fits this choice well. The goal is my BSN and better career advancement. Arousal approach is defined as the goal is to maintain or increase excitement, people try to maintain a steady level of stimulation and activity (Feldman. 2018). I chose to retufn to school to arouse my mind and stimulate myself.

References

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/106366)Blaire Cilindrello (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/106366) Yesterday

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Hello everyone,

For this week’s discussion, I chose option 1. The recent accomplishment in my life that I chose is that this year, I finally got a job in the trauma and emergency room that I have been after for years. I have worked in hospitals since I was 17, but I never worked in an emergency room. I have been chasing a job there for about five years. This year, I secured the job I was after, but I also got trained to work in the trauma emergency department, which is the kind of nurse I want to be. I want to do trauma flight nursing, and this job will be great experience in securing that job one day.

The first theory of motivation I can apply to my accomplishment is the drive-reduction theory. Although the drive-reduction theory deals with hunger, thirst, and sex needs, there are secondary drives that “prior experience and learning bring about needs” (Feldman, 2018). This is what causes some people to achieve academically and professionally. My accomplishment of finally getting my dream job came from my drive to succeed and to get where I wanted to get. I applied for years and spoke to managers and made all kinds of connections that I needed. I did not sit back and let the job come to me. I was proactive and chased what I wanted until I got it.

The second approach that I can apply to my accomplishment is the arousal approach. According to Kendra Cherry, “Some people may require a higher level of arousal, which might motivate them to seek out exciting and stimulating activities” (Cherry, 2019). My previous job was working on the neuroscience ICU. I dealt with stroke patients, brain tumors and cancers, and seizures. The only time I felt fulfilled was when there was an emergency situation or a code on the floor. Most of my day was spent doing bed baths, changing adult diapers, and feeding people with dysphagia. While I learned a lot medically, I needed to have more

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excitement in my day. Once I got my job in the emergency room, I have found that I am much happier because there are a lot of codes and trauma and bloody emergencies. That makes me happy to handle. I absolutely love the rush of never knowing what my day will hold. My need for more excitement in my workday is an example of the arousal approach.

References:

Cherry, K. (2019, September 17). The Arousal Theory and Our Individual Behaviors. Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/the-arousal-theory-of-motivation-2795380 (https://www.verywellmind.com/the-arousal-theory-of-motivation-2795380)

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/69954)Renee Owens (Instructor) Yesterday

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Theories of Emotion and Our Everyday Lives

In our reading this week, Feldman (2018) discusses different theories of emotion, including the James- Lange theory, Canon-Bard theory, and Schacter-Singer cognitive arousal theory (two-factor theory). After reviewing the different theories of emotion, think about a past event in your life and explain that event based on one of the theories mentioned above.

Do you believe having a basic understanding of how people experience emotion could be useful in your personal lives or careers as nurses?

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References

CrashCoursePsychology. (2014, August 4). Feeling all the feels: Crash course psychology #25. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=224&v=gAMbkJk6gnE

Feldman, R. S. (2018). Understanding psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

Feeling All the Feels: Crash Course Psychology #25

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/69954)Renee Owens (Instructor) Yesterday

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Motivation and Youtube Celebrity Substitute Series

Hello Class! Youtube has a new series called Celebrity Substitute where a celebrity and a teacher/professor explain a topic and low and behold one of the topics was motivation, which we are learning about this week. If you are a fan of Riverdale or Camila Mendes, you might enjoy this even more. Below is the video where Camila and the teacher explain Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.

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References

Youtube Originals. (2020, May 28). Camila Mendes explains the science of motivation. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AEcLJl5qWK8

Camila Mendes Explains The Science of Motivation | Celebrity S…

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149482)Shardae Collins (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/63025/users/149482) Yesterday

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I choose option 1 for this weeks discussion:

The recent accomplishment that I have achieved is getting my children back from Department of Child Safety. I was a using meth addict and lost custody of my children to the State. I achieved getting sober, getting a place to live, and getting a job in order to get my children back. Plus all the counseling and extra parenting classes I took on in order to get my kids back. I have had full custody of my children again since November of last year.

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Incentive approaches to motivation suggest that motivation stems from the desire to attain external rewards, known as incentives. (Feldman, 2018) I believe that the reward of getting my children back was the biggest incentive there was. I was on the verge of losing my rights and that motivated me to change and do something different with my life. It was more than a grade, food or sex. It was the reward of being a mother again. I also believe that Maslow’s hierarchy of needs came into play for me. “In this theory, higher needs in the hierarchy begin to emerge when people feel they have sufficiently satisfied the previous need.” (Hooper, 2020) I needed to start at the bottom, with needing sleep when I was getting sober. As I continued my journey into sobriety, I continued to achieve the basic physiological needs, moving up to safety (which I needed to work on because of domestic violence). and so on and so forth. The hierarchy of needs motivated as to get my kids back at each level I achieved.

Reference

Feldman, R.S. (2018). Understanding Psychology (14th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

Hopper, Elizabeth. (2020, February 24). Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Explained. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/maslows-hierarchy-of-needs-4582571

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