Directions: Develop an educational series proposal for your community using one of the following four topics

Community Teaching Work Plan Proposal

Planning and Topic

Directions: Develop an educational series proposal for your community using one of the following four topics:

1. Bioterrorism/Disaster

2. Environmental Issues

3. Primary Prevention/Health Promotion

4. Secondary Prevention/Screenings for a Vulnerable Population

Planning Before Teaching:

Name and Credentials of Teacher:

Salice Acha Njei

Estimated Time Teaching Will Last:40 minutes Location of Teaching:

Long term care facility

Supplies, Material, Equipment Needed: Printed materials, posters, and pencils Estimated Cost: $40
Community and Target Aggregate: 15 people
Topic: Primary Prevention/Health Promotion

*Comments from the instructor after grading this Community Teaching Work Plan Proposal:( Good job on your proposal! Nursing Diagnosis was implied yet not stated. Some objectives are not measurable). Please kindly state the Nursing Diagnosis.

Identification of Focus for Community Teaching (Hypertension): Primary Prevention/Health Promotion: The set of methods or measures that are used to prevent the disease before its exposure to the people is disease prevention. The promotion of health is the way of making people aware of maintaining health and adopting healthy lifestyles. Both use the same strategies and focused on health care (Bakhshi et al. 2015).

Epidemiological Rationale for Topic (Statistics Related to Topic): Health promotion programs and policies enable the communities to understand the importance of environmental and personal factors to maintain their health. These programs or campaigns must be properly organized so that most number of people will know the significance of maintaining physical and mental health (Kaakinen et al. 2018).

Teaching Plan Criteria

Your teaching plan will be graded based on its effectiveness and relevance to the population selected. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric before beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

Nursing Diagnosis: This is related to the methods or activities related to seeking health care. This includes the set of activities that provides the topics to select the nursing interventions and to achieve the results according to the nurse’s responsibilities. Methods include the adoption of self-care practices, progress maintenance, to start the program related to the reduction of stress and anxiety and have a potential to learn about the diseases causes and treatment (Doenges et al. 2016).

Readiness for Learning: Identify the factors that would indicate the readiness to learn for the target aggregate. Include emotional and experiential readiness to learn.

The practice of reading is significant to achieve learning outcomes. There must be a connection of nurses with patients so that they can understand their problems and what steps can be taken to solve those problems. They can learn from professionals or with other fellow members. This will make the person who is learning more aware and knowledgeable about the health care team. They can also discuss the issues with team members that will have positive impacts.

Learning Theory to Be Utilized: Explain how the theory will be applied.

The theory that can be used for improving and increasing the health promotion program named as “salutogenic theory”. This theory is mainly focused on promoting the health of the person and not limited to the people encountered with diseases. The person who wants to utilized or apply the theory must understand it very well.

Goal: Healthy People 2020 (HP2020) objective(s) utilized as the goal for the teaching. Include the appropriate objective number and rationale for using the selected HP2020 objective (use at least one objective from one of the 24 focus areas). If an HP2020 objective does not support your teaching, explain how your teaching applies to one of the two overarching HP2020 goals.

According to HP 2020, following are the objectives of health promotion activates;

1. Practices of having medical and dental insurance must be increased among the maximum number of people.

2. A maximum number of people must take services from health care providers.

3. Enhance the number of medical practitioners in health care services.

How Does This HP2020 Objective Relate to Alma Ata’s Health for All Global Initiatives

The objective of HP2020 also related to Alma Ata’s health because of supporting the goal of enhancing the life expectancy of the people. For instance, few diseases decrease the life span of the person who gets infected with it. For example, Hypertension and diabetes are among the diseases in which life expectancy of the people will be reduced. If these diseases are not diagnosed or treated on time (Mohammed et al. 2017).

Develop Behavioral Objectives (Including Domains), Content, and Strategies/Methods:

Behavioral Objective and Domain

Example – Third-grade students will name one healthy food choice in each of the five food groups by the end of the presentation. (Cognitive Domain)

Content (be specific)

Example – The Food Pyramid has five food groups which are….

Healthy foods from each group are…. Unhealthy foods containing a lot of sugar or fat are….

Strategies/Methods

(label and describe)

Example – Interactive poster presentation of the Food Pyramid. After an explanation of the poster and each food category, allow students to place pictures of foods on the correct spot on the pyramid. Also, have the class analyze what a child had for lunch by putting names of foods on the poster and discussing what food group still needs to be eaten throughout day.

1.

Students must select one food from the five groups of food.

1.

There are five groups of food include vegetables, cakes, seafood, pizza and sweeteners.

Food that is considered unhealthy contains a lot of sugars and fats. These type of high calories food cause health issues. Seafood and vegetables are considered a healthy food.

1.

There must be a poster presentation of food groups. Each food group must be explained and students must paste the picture along with the foods. Students in a class must put the name of the food they have for lunch on a poster. Students should also discuss the type of food group must be eaten in the daytime.

2.

Students must study the causes of particular diseases.

2.

Names of studied diseases are Malaria. The source of the spread of malaria is the mosquito. Measles, the source is a virus. Diphtheria is due to infections of bacteria. Cholera is also caused due to infections of bacteria.

2.

There must be a poster presentation through the names and causes of diseases are explained. Demonstrate the signs of carrying these diseases. Students must identify the person carrying a specific disease and put the picture on a chart.

3.

Students must know the significance of sports for physical and mental health.

3.

The sports are playing cards, table tennis, hockey and horse riding and football. Among these sports, indoor games are playing cards and table tennis. Outdoor games are hockey, horse riding and football.

3.

There is a poster in which games and their importance for health must be mentioned. Students also put the pictures after recognizing a particular game.

4.

Students must select one drink from three groups of drinks.

4.

Group of drinks are plants based drinks, chocolate drinks and soft drinks.

4.

There is a chart through which the importance of healthy and non-healthy drinks must be explained to the students. Students must paste a picture with a drink.

Creativity: How was creativity applied in the teaching methods/strategies?

Creativity can be applied in the teaching methods or strategies in the classroom for the students. The innovative methods or strategies will enhance the understanding of children about the topics. Firstly, a classroom used to teach the students must be designed with appropriate posters in which the particular problems and solutions must be designed in a way that enhance thinking skills of students towards steps of solving the particular issue. Secondly, programs must be designed that use to enhance the mental and critical thinking skills of students. Methods such as creative arts and media-based programs must be introduced to the students. Design a program that enhances the critical thinking skills of students by giving some specific problem and also set goals for a particular group. This will develop competition. Creative models can also be employed to enhance skills such as Fact-finding model that is based on collecting the data. Idea finding model is based on collecting ideas. Solution finding model is based on finding a solution and evaluating ideas. There must be a freedom of expression about the ideas and there must be cultures of flexibility in the classroom. There must be ways for students to incorporate the arts, music and culture. Presentation on multidiscipline must be practiced. This will enhance their knowledge and skills.

Planned Evaluation of Objectives (Outcome Evaluation): Describe what you will measure for each objective and how.

1. The first objective of teaching will be to help the students have a basic knowledge about the topic. This can be determined by asking the student after a lecture to define the topic, memorize and make a list about the topics. For instance, about health promotion, students must know what health promotion is? And what they understand about it.

2. There must be a comprehensive understanding of students about the topic. This can be measured by doing oral exam after the class about the topic such as health promotion.

3. The third objective will be to do a practical lesson about the topic so there will be more demonstration of the topic in the field. This will enhance the understating of students.

4. There must be a practice of analyzing by comparing and interpreting the discussion with other class fellows.

Planned Evaluation of Goal: Describe how and when you could evaluate the overall effectiveness of your teaching plan.

Teaching plan can be evaluated by checking the number of students participating in a class. There must be oral, written tests and class discussions that will help the teacher to recognize the teaching plan. Clean classroom environment and more student’s interests in-class projects will make a teaching plan successful.

Planned Evaluation of Lesson and Teacher (Process Evaluation):

There must be an evaluation for a teacher and lesson. The teacher can be evaluated by the number of practices such as observation of class lesson by the head of the institute or department. Sometimes it can be evaluated by using the checklists about the student’s assignments and records of teacher lessons and plans will be considered. The lesson can be evaluated by checking the student’s participation, relevant materials about the topic and tools used for delivering the lecture.

Barriers: What are potential barriers that may arise during teaching and how will those be handled?

There are different barriers that teachers may encounter during teaching. Because teachers deal with the students belong to different backgrounds. Size of the class is also large in most of the cases. Some of the common problems encountered by teachers are a problem with proper listening. Because sometimes negative feelings such as anger may arise after listening to some words. The teacher has to control their emotions during communication. Sometimes, teachers may also have difficulty in perceiving things correctly. Many people can listen to the same things but interpret it differently. The teacher must also consider and think about the positive and negative aspects of the points to be discussed. Another problem teacher can come across with is the problem of oral communication. Words and their meanings must be clear to the students so there will be more understanding about the topic. The teacher must have a confident and mature personality and always think about the situation from different perspectives.

Therapeutic Communication

4.2 Communicate therapeutically with patients.

How will you begin your presentation and capture the interest of your audience? Describe the type of activity will you use with your audience to exhibit active listening? Describe how you applied active listening in tailoring your presentation to your audience? How will you conclude your presentation? What nonverbal communication techniques will you employ?

Therapeutic communication is the face to face interaction with the patients that will enhance effective communication. Nurses mostly employed different techniques to develop an effective relationship with the patients. Presentation or communication must begin professionally. There must be confident and direct contact with the audience so the positive relationship will be built up. There must be a discussion about the topic with the audience such as talk about the disease with the patient in which he is involved. Listening carefully to the patient problem will have a positive impact on the discussion. Active listening can be employed by direct discussion with the patient, asking questions and answers. This will enhance the relationship and communication. The presentation will be concluded by repeating the main learning outcomes of the topic. There should not be any new things or prospects about the topic in conclusion. Non-verbal communication in which body language of the person will be employed to talk about the issue. Hands and body postures also matter during the presentation and will play a role in effective communication.

References

Bakhshi, S., Sun, F., Murrells, T., & While, A. (2015). Nurses’ health behaviours and physical activity-related health-promotion practices. British Journal of Community Nursing20(6), 289-296.

Doenges, M. E., Moorhouse, M. F., & Murr, A. C. (2016). Nursing diagnosis manual: Planning, individualizing, and documenting client care. FA Davis.

Kaakinen, J. R., Coehlo, D. P., Steele, R., & Robinson, M. (2018). Family health care nursing: Theory, practice, and research. FA Davis.

Mohammed, S., Stevens, C. A., Ezeonwu, M., & Cooke, C. L. (2017). Social justice, nursing advocacy, and health inequities: A primary health care perspective. Practicing primary health care in nursing: Caring for populations, 61-74.

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