explain one of Lynn White’s main claims and the support he provides, then evaluate it analytically

Instructions for the first paper: pick a point that White makes in his “article” and critically evaluate it. This paper does not require outside research. Instead, you should focus on White’s argument. Pick a point that he makes and explain it in your own words, then say what you think about it, and whether you think the point is correct

Follow this: 

you will take a point from White’s Article and discuss and assess it from your own point of view.

First, explain one of Lynn White’s main claims and the support he provides, then evaluate it analytically. For example, do you agree or disagree and why?

Then, and most importantly, provide some evidence or support for why the reader should agree with your view on the point.

Helpful for you:

1. You should look at the class notes what I send you, so you can get keywords from there.

2. MLA format, [introduction-Thesis statement -Body-Conclusion]

3. Try to use some “quotation” from the article.

 

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Select a geographic area that faces a sustainable development problem or challenge. You may wish to consider one of the following areas:

Select a geographic area that faces a sustainable development problem or challenge. You may wish to consider one of the following areas:

  • Las Vegas, Nevada: a desert that was made livable and has experienced amazing urban growth with scarce water resources.
  • New Orleans, Louisiana: an old coastal city faced with the continuous threat of floods. Even after hurricane Katrina, the levees protection system still cannot guarantee protection from a repeat event.
  • Dickinson, North Dakota: an almost-forgotten area that has become a center for fossil fuel production thanks to new extraction methods. A sudden population increase has created numerous sustainable planning challenges.
  • Atlanta, Georgia: has experienced a large influx of young professionals and companies, creating serious strains in the water supply system and infrastructure.
  • Tampa bay, Florida: has experienced a population influx since the late 1990s, causing a shift from purely groundwater to a mix of groundwater, surface water, and desalinized water usage.

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper that analyzes the sustainable development and land use problems and challenges that exist in the geographic area you selected. Address the following questions:

  • How is your chosen community dealing with current surface water supply considerations?
  • What is the projected population growth for the next 10 to 20 years? How capable is the infrastructure of handling potential future water challenges given population growth? Consider both water supply and flood management.
  • Are there any storm water drainage best management practices currently in use? What best management practices would you recommend?

Format your paper consistent with APA standards.

 

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Annotated Bibliography – The topic is Non-renewable energy. Search for four published, peer-reviewed journal articles on that topic

The topic is Non-renewable energy. Search for four published, peer-reviewed journal articles on that topic. You will then need to read each article and summarize/evaluate the research in an annotated bibliography. The article must be properly cited. The four articles must be from four different journals. Be sure to give your paper an appropriate title so the scope of your topic is known.

An annotated bibliography is a bibliography that includes a summary of the text. The purpose of this assignment is to expose you to peer-reviewed scientific literature and assess your reading comprehension and ability to efficiently read and summarize a scientific paper. You will learn how to search for and select quality, peer-reviewed scientific papers. You will need to clearly and objectively summarize each article in a succinct manner.

Annotations should include the main arguments from the source, a summary of at least the methods, analysis, and conclusion, the approach used and any major findings, and your critical evaluation. Take care not to include any unnecessary details, as the goal is to summarize each source as succinctly as possible.

will be expected to follow MLA style formatting. Examples of MLA formatting and an explanation of annotated bibliographies can be found from the Purdue Online Writing

Lab:https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/common_writing_assignments/annotated_bibliographies/annotated_bibliographies.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..

Due date: Friday, November 7th at 4:59PM. Submit in PDF format. Length of assignment should be at least 1000 words, max 1500 words. (250 words per article is a rough guide). Students will submit through the Turnitin plagiarism checking service and similarity scores will be considered in grading. A rubric will be provided. No late papers will be accepted.

 

Grading Rubric

 

Content: Content Quality: content is succinct,   thorough, concise, well written, and organized

 

Writing: Writing Quality: Grammar and spelling   mistakes are minimal, good sentence structure

 

Requirements: Requirements fulfilled: Utilized 4   peer-reviewed scientific literature sources, from 4 different sources,  1000-1500 words

 

Paper Selection: Chosen papers are appropriate and provide a thorough introduction to an environmental issue

 

Topic: Topic addresses an environmental issue and   title adequately indicates the scope of the selected issue

 

Plagiarism: Low plagiarism score from Turnitin

 

Formatting: Formatting is correct. Proper citations, MLA   format, PDF file

 

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Advanced Pollution Prevention – write an essay about pollution prevention in dry cleaning and hydraulic fracturing industries

Instructions

Please write an essay about pollution prevention in dry cleaning and hydraulic fracturing industries. Include the following  items:

  1.    one-paragraph   introduction;
  2.  five-paragraph   review of the Sinshelmer, Grout, Namkoong, Gottlieb,          and Latif (2007) dry   cleaning article, including an explanation of the          common dry cleaning process   using perchloroethylene (PCE), problems with          PCE, and a review of options to   PCE presented in the paper;
  3.  five-paragraph   review (total—not five paragraphs for each article) of          the Heywood (2012)   article and the Chen, Al-Wadei, Kennedy, and Terry        (2014)   article on hydraulic   fracturing, including environmental issues        with   hydraulic fracturing and the   P2 solutions presented in each of the        two   articles (include the use of liquid   carbon dioxide);
  4.  five-paragraph   review of the Taylor, Carbonell, and Desimone (2010)          article on using liquid   carbon dioxide for P2, focusing on how liquid      carbon     dioxide can be used as a   substitute in the dry cleaning industry      and in   the   hydraulic fracturing   industry; and a
  5.  two-paragraph   summary to include your overall thoughts about P2 in the          dry cleaning and   hydraulic fracturing industries, and specifically      whether     liquid carbon   dioxide is a reasonable, cost-effective, and          environmentally-friendly   alternative to traditional methods.

In order to access the resources below, you must first log  into the    myCSU Student Portal and access the Academic Search Complete database  within    the CSU Online Library.

Use at least the following references:

Chen, J., Al-Wadei, M. H., Kennedy, C. M., & Terry,   P.  D. (2014).  Hydraulic fracturing: Paving the way for a sustainable future?    Journal of  Environmental and Public  Health, 1-10.

Heywood, P. (2012, April). Fracking safer and greener?    TCE: The Chemical  Engineer, 850, 42-45.

Sinshelmer, P., Grout, C., Namkoong, A., Gottlieb, R.,  & Latif, A.  (2007). The viability of professional wet cleaning as a   pollution prevention alternative to perchloroethylene dry cleaning. Air and Waste Management  Association, 57, 172-178.

Taylor, D. K., Carbonell, R., & Desimone, J. M.   (2010).  Opportunities for pollution prevention and energy efficiency enabled by the carbon dioxide technology platform. Annual Review of Energy and   the  Environment,  25(1), 115-148.

Your paper must be at least three full pages in length,  not including the    title page and reference page. All sources used, including the  textbook, must    be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have  accompanying    citations. All references and citations used must be in APA  style

 

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In your assigned group, name a current issue in plant basic research, breeding, production or plant conservation

Short Essay: GROUP Assignment (15 points)

TOPIC

In your assigned group, name a current issue in plant basic research, breeding, production or plant conservation. Provide two potential solutions, and explain in detail how those solutions can solve the problem.

LAYOUT/FORMATTING.

Keep it to ONE PAGE please! Single space is fine. I have no preference on font.

Introduction. 1 paragraph. State what you are writing about. Give a thesis statement (for example “Grey leaf spot disease can kill an entire athletic field in days, but Bermudagrass might offer the solution!”).  Make it interesting and hook your reader in! Summarize some main goals of your essay. The last sentence must be the thesis statement.

Main body. 2 paragraphs, each describing your potential solutions to the problem. Each one should cover a supporting point that gives weight to your thesis statement. They can be two independent ideas, arguments, or discussion points.

Conclusion. 1 paragraph. Summarize the main body. It should show the reader how your essay supports your thesis statement. Finish with a strong statement about your thesis statement

Tips:  Enjoy it. If you are interested in the topic it will show! Proof read, edit, maybe ask for peer-review and spell check before you hand it in.

There is no “point by point” rubric for this. We’ll grade the essay based on the following checklist.

Short Essay Check List

Yes or No

Interesting introduction, add goals &  thesis statement

Main body: 1 topic, 2 problem-solving ideas, supported by evidence & personal opinion

Conclusion: Did your evidence support your thesis statement?

1-page layout, grammar & vocabulary, original and interesting

 

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In your assigned group, name a current issue in plant basic research, breeding, production or plant conservation

Short Essay: GROUP Assignment (15 points)

TOPIC

In your assigned group, name a current issue in plant basic research, breeding, production or plant conservation. Provide two potential solutions, and explain in detail how those solutions can solve the problem.

LAYOUT/FORMATTING.

Keep it to ONE PAGE please! Single space is fine. I have no preference on font.

Introduction. 1 paragraph. State what you are writing about. Give a thesis statement (for example “Grey leaf spot disease can kill an entire athletic field in days, but Bermudagrass might offer the solution!”).  Make it interesting and hook your reader in! Summarize some main goals of your essay. The last sentence must be the thesis statement.

Main body. 2 paragraphs, each describing your potential solutions to the problem. Each one should cover a supporting point that gives weight to your thesis statement. They can be two independent ideas, arguments, or discussion points.

Conclusion. 1 paragraph. Summarize the main body. It should show the reader how your essay supports your thesis statement. Finish with a strong statement about your thesis statement

Tips:  Enjoy it. If you are interested in the topic it will show! Proof read, edit, maybe ask for peer-review and spell check before you hand it in.

There is no “point by point” rubric for this. We’ll grade the essay based on the following checklist.

Short Essay Check List

Yes or No

Interesting introduction, add goals &  thesis statement

Main body: 1 topic, 2 problem-solving ideas, supported by evidence & personal opinion

Conclusion: Did your evidence support your thesis statement?

1-page layout, grammar & vocabulary, original and interesting

 

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Should we genetically modify food to meet rising food demands expected with an increasing population?

Overview

You should write a 3-page (1.5 spacing, size 11 font) persuasive essay plus a 1-page bibliography on one of the following topics:

  • Should we genetically modify food to meet rising food demands expected with an increasing population?
  • Should Pennsylvania encourage drilling for natural gas in the Marcellus Shale Formation?
  • Should nuclear energy be included as a major component of 21st century plans to combat global warming and to help us meet the growing energy demand?
  • Should water prices be raised sharply to help reduce water waste?
  • Should recycled wastewater be used to irrigate crops and for snowmaking at ski resorts?
  • Should cloud-seeding be performed to increase precipitation in drought-proned areas?
  • Should DDT be used in malaria-prone regions despite the known environmental repercussions?
  • Should the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska be opened to drilling?
  • Pollution rights trading (e.g. cap and trade) will effectively control environmental problems.
  • Should we eat lower on the food chain in order to minimize our environmental impact?
  • Should the Peace Bridge in Buffalo be expanded?
  • You select a topic (must be approved by instructor)

Researching for your essay

A minimum of five sources should be used for your persuasive essay. Most likely you will read twice as many to become more knowledgeable about the topic. You may use both popular and scholarly sources for your essay (scholarly vs. popular sources), but be aware of partial or biased statistics/data/information.

Structure of your essay (guide (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.)

Introductory Paragraph

The introductory paragraph introduces the argument of your paper. A well-constructed introductory paragraph immediately captures a reader’s interest and gives appropriate background information about the paper’s topic. Such a paragraph might include a brief summary of the ideas to be discussed in body of the paper as well as other information relevant to your paper’s argument. The most important function of the introductory paragraph, however, is to present a clear statement of the paper’s argument. This sentence is your paper’s thesis. Without a thesis, it is impossible for you to present an effective argument. The thesis sentence should reflect both the position that you will argue and the organizational pattern with which you will present and support your argument. A useful way to think about the construction of a thesis sentence is to view it in terms of stating both the “what” and the “how” of the paper’s argument. The “what” is simply the basic argument in your paper: what exactly are you arguing? The “how” is the strategy you will use to present this argument. The following are helpful questions for you to consider when formulating a thesis sentence:

  • What is the argument that I am trying to convince the reader to accept?
  • How exactly do I expect to convince the reader that this argument is sound?

Once you have answered these questions, the next step is to synthesize these answers into a single thesis sentence, or, if necessary, two thesis sentences.

For example: You want to convince your reader that the forces of industry did not shape American foreign policy from the late 19th century through 1914, and you plan to do this by showing that there were other factors which were much more influential in shaping American foreign policy. Both of these elements can be synthesized into a thesis sentence:

Fear of foreign influence in the Western hemisphere, national pride, and contemporary popular ideas concerning both expansion and foreign peoples had significantly more influence on American foreign policy than did the voices of industrialists.

This sentence shows the position you will argue and also sets up the organizational pattern of your paper’s body.

Body

The body of your paper contains the actual development of your paper’s argument. Each body paragraph presents a single idea or set of related ideas that provides support for your paper’s argument. Each body paragraph addresses one key aspect of your paper’s thesis and brings the reader closer to accepting the validity of your paper’s argument. Because each body paragraph should be a step in your argument, you should be mindful of the overall organization of your body paragraphs.

The first step in writing an effective body paragraph is the construction of the first sentence of this paragraph, the topic sentence. Just as the thesis sentence holds together your essay, the topic sentence is the glue binding each individual body paragraph. A body paragraph’s topic sentence serves two main purposes: introducing the content of the paragraph and introducing the next step of your argument. It is important to keep in mind that the goal of the topic sentence is to advance your paper’s argument, not just to describe the content of the paragraph.

The first part in your thesis on page two states that fear of foreign influence in the Western Hemisphere had more influence on American foreign policy than did industry. Thus, you need to elaborate on this point in your body paragraphs.

An effective topic sentence for one of these paragraphs could be:

American fear of foreign influence was a key factor in the United States’ actions in the Spanish-American War. Subsequent body paragraphs might offer further evidence for the idea presented in this body paragraph.

A good way to test the strength of both your topic sentences and your argument as a whole is to construct an outline of your paper using only your paper’s thesis statement and topic sentences. This outline should be a logical overview of your paper’s argument; all of your paper’s topic sentences should work together to support your thesis statement.

Conclusion

A basic purpose of your paper’s concluding paragraph is both to restate the paper’s argument and to restate how you have supported this argument in the body of the paper. However, your conclusion should not simply be a copy of your introduction. The conclusion draws together the threads of the paper’s argument and shows where the argument of your paper has gone. An effective conclusion gives the reader reasons for bothering to read your paper. One of the most important functions of this paragraph is to bring in fresh insight. Some possible questions to consider when writing your conclusion are:

  • What are some real world applications of this paper’s argument?
  • Why is what I am writing about important?
  • What are some of the questions that this paper’s argument raises?
  • What are the implications of this paper’s argument?

While the organization and structure described in this handout are necessary components of an effective persuasive essay, keep in mind that writing itself is a fluid process. There are no steadfast rules that you need to adhere to as you write. Simply because the introduction is the first paragraph in your essay does not mean that you must write this paragraph before any other. Think of the act of writing as an exploration of ideas, and let this sense of exploration guide you as you write your essay

In-text citations and Bibliography (guide (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.)

You need to cite any ideas, words, or creative works you get from other sources. These sources can be print (books, articles, web sites, email), multimedia (films, podcasts, television, radio), data sources, images, live performances, or conversations. You do not need to cite information that is considered common knowledge.

direct quotation: when you copy a source word-for-word

“Good citations should reveal your sources, not conceal them. They should honestly show the research you conducted. That means they should give credit where credit is due, disclose the materials on which you base your work, and guide readers to that material so they can explore it further.”  (p.4 Lipson, Cite Right, 2006)

paraphrasing: when you closely and accurately summarize the words or ideas of another source in your own words.

Citing properly requires that you provide your sources honestly and clearly so that your readers can understand the basis for your research, check your facts and ideas, and pursue your sources further. (p.4 Lipson, Cite Right, 2006) (Tutorial) (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

A citation style will provide the format for citing sources and creating the bibliography in your academic work. There are many different citation styles. APA, Chicago, and MLA are common citation styles.

Rubric

Persuasive EssayPersuasive EssayCriteriaRatingsPtsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeFocus: Thesis is stated in specific, clear terms and maintained throughout essay. • Paragraphs are unified by a main idea and cohere as distinct units. • Topic sentences are used to maintain focus. Author limits the content to a manageable scope.Focus: Thesis is stated in specific, clear terms and maintained throughout essay. • Paragraphs are unified by a main idea and cohere as distinct units. • Topic sentences are used to maintain focus. Author limits the content to a manageable scope.25.0 ptsExcellent21.25 ptsGood18.75 ptsSatisfactory16.25 ptsNeeds Improvement25.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDevelopment/Support: • Points are developed and “tied-in” with the essay’s thesis. • Points are supported with specific examples. • Ideas are “fleshed out” fully. • Necessary context is provided for reader comprehension. Source materials are integrated effectively and meaningfully into the author’s argument.25.0 ptsExcellent21.25 ptsGood18.75 ptsSatisfactory16.25 ptsNeeds Improvement25.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeOrganization/Structure: • A clear principle of organization is employed and maintained throughout essay. • Essay is structured in manner that maximizes the overall purpose and effect. Effective transitions connect separate ideas and events.25.0 ptsExcellent21.25 ptsGood18.75 ptsSatisfactory16.25 ptsNeeds Improvement25.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeStyle/Conventions: • Essay is free of sentence fragments, comma splices, and run-on sentences. • Verb tense is consistent throughout. • Pronouns refer to clear antecedents and are used correctly in terms of person, case, and number. • Most sentences are constructed in active voice. • Sentences are clear and concise, avoiding unnecessary wordiness. • Essay adheres to standard written English. • Essay meets prescribed requirements, including word count and outside source requirements. MLA format is employed correctly for in-text citations and works cited list.25.0 ptsExcellent21.25 ptsGood18.75 ptsSatisfactory16.25 ptsNeeds Improvement25.0 pts

 

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HOMEWORK ON FIRE PREVENTION FILED.

WOOD STOVE AND FIREPLACE, CREOSOTE FIRE SAFETY HAZARDS, MUST BE 12 SLIDES. HOMEWORK ON FIRE PREVENTION FILED.

 

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Describe your environmental experiences

Describe your environmental experiences. Within this paper you should:

  • Identify the key environmental experiences that influenced yourlife. Recall childhood memories of special places where you formed someconnections with the earth through emotional experiences. This mayinclude places you knew and cherished that have since been polluted,developed or destroyed.
  • Identify key environmental events that forced you to think aboutyour environmental values.  Events like a beautiful sunset,the fantastic complexity of living things, the tremendous power ofnature’s floods, earthquakes, tornados and hurricanes.
  • List the educational experiences that influenced yourunderstanding and concern about environmental problems.  Have youarrived at your ecological identity through formal educationor directly experiencing nature or both?

Your paper should be 2 pages in length and all citations must use APA formatting.

 

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discusses pollution prevention in the pulp and paper industry and the concrete paving industry

Unit VI discusses pollution prevention in the pulp and paper industry and the concrete paving industry. Please discuss any experiences that you have with these industries, especially those related to pollution prevention. If you don’t

1 page   have experience in those industries, discuss your experiences as a user of paper and pavements. Also, discuss your thoughts about P2 opportunities (make sure to address the concepts identified in the readings and/or textbook in providing your informed comments and discussion). Include reference sources via a reference list. Feel free to discuss some of the readings for this week including the importance of management setting the corporate tone for pollution prevention (as in the paper mill article).

 

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